We shall not forget

Posts tagged “The Citadel

Vestal Malone, Class of 1945

On August 9, 1924, Vestal Malone was born in Cienfuegos, Cuba to Mrs. Claire Gerbaulet Malone and Mr. William Adolphus Malone. During his youth, he lived in Cuba, Central America, Colombia, Brazil and the Argentine where his father, an American and Power Executive developed extensive electrical programs in those countries. He graduated from Orlando Senior High in 1941 and entered The Citadel with the Class of 1945 later that year.


On November 30, 1942, he enlisted in the U.S. Army, and after basic training joined the 106th Infantry Division at Fort Jackson, South Carolina as it prepared to deploy to the European Theater. He was assigned to Company “G”, 424th Infantry Regiment.

The 106th Division was only five days on the line when the Germans attacked it in the Schnee-Eiffel / Ardennes at the German-Belgium border on December 16, 1944. Two of the Division’s three regiments were surrounded and forced to surrender. Over 7000 GI’s of the 106th  (more…)

Marion Stuckey, Class of 1945

Born Buddy Marion Skinner on September 12, 1924 in South Carolina, Marion was the adopted son of Mrs. Gussie Crosswell Stuckey and Mr. Charles Wesley Stuckey of Lee County, South Carolina. Mr. Stuckey’s listed profession in the 1940 census was farmer.

M Stuckey 1943 Sphinx p154_CroppedCadet Private Marion Stuckey
Class of 1945
1943 Sphinx, p. 154

Marion Stuckey graduated from Bishopville High School and entered The Citadel at Charleston in 1941. A member of Cadet Company “O” his sophomore year (the academic year 1942-43), Cadet Stuckey was inducted into the US Army on (more…)

Hugh Vanderveer Batchelder, Class of 1945

Born in New Jersey on February 2, 1925, to Mrs. Jessie P. Hale Batchelder and Colonel Roland C. Batchelder, Hugh grew up in New Hampshire, first in Canaan, then Littleton, and finally Deerfield. He had three brothers, Theodore, Robert and George; and a sister, Jessie. His older brother, Theodore, preceded him to The Citadel by a year. Hugh’s father, Col. Batchelder, was a veteran of WWI, a 1921 graduate of Dartmouth college, a high school teacher and principal, served in the Quartermaster Corps during WWII, and later was elected to the New Hampshire state legislature.


Cadet Corporal Batchelder was a member of Cadet Company “M” his sophomore year. He was awarded Gold Stars in recognition of his superior academic achievement of earning a 3,7 grade point average or higher over a semester. He was also a member of the International Relations Club which was notable as membership for sophomores was limited to only outstanding Political Science and History majors. Following completion of the 1942-43 academic year, (more…)

John Evans James, Jr., Class of 1944

Born on September 5, 1923 to Mr. Jack E. James and Mrs. Myrtle Allen James, “Jackie” was a native of Summerton, South Carolina graduating from Summerton High School in 1940 prior to entering The Citadel with the Class of 1944. His junior year, he was a member of Cadet Company “L” as well as a member of the Second Class Rifle Drill Platoon known as the “Bond Volunteers”.

John E James Jr Class of 1944Cadet Platoon Sergeant John “Jackie” E. James, Jr., Class of 1944
September 5, 1923 – December 24, 1944
Photo source: 1943 Sphinx

After basic training and officers candidate school at Ft. Benning, Georgia, Lt. James served with Company “C” of the 264th Infantry Regiment, 66th Infantry Division having joined them at Camp Rucker, Alabama. His regiment and the 262nd Infantry Regiment were being rushed from England to the continent via (more…)

Harry Grimshaw Bowers, ’35

Born in 1914 and a native of Americus, Georgia, Harry G. Bowers graduated from The Citadel in 1935 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in History. He went on to the University of Georgia to study law and was the Historian of the Wilson Inn Chapter of Phi Delta Phi, the International Legal Fraternity. He obtained his law degree in 1938, was admitted to the Georgia Bar, and then practiced law in his hometown until 1940 when he entered active service with the US Army and received a commission.

picture1Cadet Private Harry G. Bowers
Source: 1933 Sphinx

He attended Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and then served in England until October 1942. On November 8, 1942, Major Bowers went ashore in the invasion of North Africa. An Intelligence Officer with the 12th Air Force, he also participated in the landings on (more…)

A day that will live in infamy…

December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked the United States of America at Hawaii. Citadel alumni and former cadets were there. Here are portraits of four men. There were probably several more. If you are aware of another Citadel Man who was there, please inform us so we can properly include and honor him here. This post was originally written on December 7, 2015, with the stories of two men. The third story was added Dec. 7, 2017, and the fourth December, 2018.- Roger Long, ’89.

Fred Burnham Shifflet, Jr., Class of 1942, born May 23, 1919, and hailing from Cuyohoga Falls, Ohio, was a sophomore private of cadet company “A” during the 1938-39 academic year. After completing two years of college, he left The Citadel, returned home and worked as a salesman. He volunteered with the Army Air Corps, entering the service on July 26, 1940, as an aviation cadet.

Second Lieutenant Fred Shifflet, known as “Shifless”, was one of the few American pilots able to get his plane off the ground during the attack on Pearl Harbor. He took off from Wheeler Field in a P-40 which belonged to another squadron sometime after 0900. He made a circle of Pearl Harbor to seek out enemy aircraft, flew over Hickham Field and was filled with AA fire. He deadsticked his borrowed plane back to Wheeler Field to land on flat tires.

On March 3, 1943, during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, 1Lt. Shifflet piloting P-38G 41-12715, 39th Fighter Squadron, was shot down and crashed into the sea twenty miles east of Tami Island. Lt. Shifflet, who had ten enemy planes to his credit when he was lost, was officially declared dead on December 20, 1945. He is memorialized on the Tablets of the Missing at the Manila American Cemetery in the Philippines. There is also a cenotaph with his name at Arlington National Cemetery.

The Citadel’s Fred B. Shifflet Scholarship Fund was initiated in 1991 from the estate of his mother, Estelle M. Shifflet. The first award was made in 1997.

The photo of Cadet Shifflet is from the 1939 Sphinx, the annual of the South Carolina Corps of Cadets, Charleston, S.C., and the photo of 1Lt. Shifflet is from Relentless Pursuit: The Untold Story of the U.S. 5th Air Force’s 39th Fighter Squadron by Ken Dooley.

James Bacon King, Class of 1941, was a freshly commissioned lieutenant serving in the US Army Coastal Artillery Corps. He was stationed in Hawaii when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, and his Artillery Battalion was one of the first to fire on the Japanese Zero’s as they bombed the island, and the battleships in the harbor. He survived the attack, and, fortunately, no Citadel Men were lost that day.

James Bacon King 1941

Lieutenant Colonel King, U.S. Army, Retired, (January 18, 1920 – November 26, 2008), graduated from The Citadel in May, 1941, with a Bachelor degree in Political Science. He was a member of the Bond Volunteers and Summerall Guards, the Junior and Senior Rifle Drill Platoons respectively. His 1941 Sphinx write-up reads… (more…)

Archelaus Augustus Drake, III, Class of 1945

Born on Christmas Day, December 25, 1923 to Mrs. Mary Blackmar Drake and Mr. Archie Drake, Jr., Archelaus “Archie” Augustus Drake, III, was a native of Macon, Georgia. He entered The Citadel at Charleston, South Carolina with the Class of 1946 at the beginning of the 1941-42 academic year. His Sophomore year, he was a Cadet Corporal and a member of Cadet Company “O”.

Drake AA_1943_Sphinx_p148Cadet Corporal Archie A. Drake
Class of 1945
1943 Sphinx, p. 148.

In December that year, he like many of his classmates, enlisted in the U.S. Army. He officially entered the service after the academic year ended, and after basic training, the army sent him to their Army Specialized Training Program (ASTP) at the University of Nebraska. He was assigned to 4th Platoon Company C. Two of his Citadel classmates were (more…)

Maxwell Farmer Parrott, Class of 1937

Maxwell F. Parrott was born on November 20, 1915, to Mr. and Mrs. C.W. Parrott at Arcadia, South Carolina where he spent most of his life. He attended The Citadel in Charleston, matriculating with the Class of 1937. He later transferred to Wofford College at Spartanburg, S.C., where he graduated in 1938.

Capt. Maxwell Parrott

Capt. Parrott served with the US Army’s 633rd AAA AW Battalion, an anti-aircraft unit outfitted with 20mm and 40mm cannons as well as double and quad .50 caliber machine gun mounts. The battalion was attached to the (more…)

The class where 34 seats remained empty.

Originally written and published in the regional Dutch newspaper, Dagblad de Limburger, Memorial Day weekend, Saturday, May 23, 2015.

American Cemetery Eight pre-war students of the Citadel lie buried at Margraten.

The American Cemetery at Margraten holds countless stories of bravery and sacrifice. Relatively unknown is the fact that eight of the men who are buried there were students of the famous Citadel, a military academy.

By Stefan Gillissen

It’s June 1940. The German army overruns the European continent and declares war on Great-Britain. In movie theaters all over the United States the Fox Movie-tone News shows Hilter’s armies marching through Paris.

The future first-year students of The Citadel, a military academy, see the images but don’t take much notice of them. They just finished high-school and are enjoying their summer holiday. In September 565 boys have to report at Charleston. Until then they still can enjoy their freedom.

C Garlington Jr and A B Hunt JrCreswell Garlington, Jr., and Arthur Bradlee Hunt, Jr.
from the 1943 Sphinx, the Annual of the South Carolina Corps of Cadets.

On the 2nd of September 1940, forms are filled out and bills are paid in Charleston. The annual costs of studying at the Citadel lay between 530 and 670 dollars, a huge amount, but also a firm investment for a bright future. Great chances come to those who graduate from The Citadel. Nothing is known about the dark future of some of the students when General Charles Pelot Summerall, President of The Citadel, addresses them in his (more…)

Experience of POW Lt. Richard H. Kellahan

By Richard H. Kellahan, Class of 1944

Posted here with the permission of the Kellahan family. Originally written for the Oflag 64 Association (website).

Our entire class of 1944 left the Citadel at the end of our junior year in 1943. Infantry cadets went to Ft. McClellan, Alabama, for 17 weeks of basic training with other ROTC students from various schools. Upon completion of basic training we returned briefly to the Citadel for the Advanced Student Training Program while awaiting the beginning of a new class at Officer Candidate School where we would be commissioned as 2nd Lieutenants upon completion of the 17-week course. We graduated from OCS in May of 1944 and joined the 84th Infantry Division at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana, for the final stage of training before we were shipped to England and Europe for the final push into Germany.

Richard H. Kellahan, Class of 1944Richard H. Kellahan, Class of 1944
Cadet Platoon Sergeant, “C” Company

1943 Sphinx

We arrived in Germany in October 1944. The Allies were bogged down at that time in the mud and bad weather of late October and early November at the Siegfried Line, Germany’s heavily armed line of defense that was about 5 miles deep and ran from the Baltic Sea to the Alps. It was filled with pillboxes, anti-tank equipment, and every other kind of defense imaginable. Any advance by our troops was measured in yards.

My Citadel classmate Creswell Garlington and I led two platoons from [“I” Company] 3rd Battalion of the 335th Regiment on the morning of November 29, 1944, for a daylight attack on a small village called (more…)

Joseph Barre Traywick, Class of 1931

Born on August 31, 1910, to Mrs. Janie Crute Traywick and Dr. A.P. Traywick, Joseph was a native of Cameron, South Carolina. He attended The Citadel and was graduated from the Medical College of South Carolina in Charleston. While at The Citadel, he majored in Chemistry and was a Cadet Private in Cadet Companies F and D his freshman and junior years respectively.

Joseph Barre Traywick Sphinx 1930Cadet Private Joseph Barre Traywick
Class of 1931

In the summer of 1930, Cadet Traywick spent six weeks studying at the Chemical Warfare Training Camp at Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland, and upon completion was commissioned a second lieutenant, officer reserve corps, chemical warfare service.

He served his medical internship at Roper hospital in Charleston. Dr. Traywick was resident physician for the Santee-Cooper project at (more…)

Capt. Holmes Dies in France

Originally published in The News & Courier, Charleston, South Carolina, Sunday, July 28, 1918.

Charleston was much saddened yesterday to learn through The News and Courier of the death in France of Capt. James H. Holmes, Jr., of Charleston, and Capt. Julius A. Mood of Summerton. Capt. Holmes’ wife and little baby, whom he has never seen, are in Hendersonville, N.C., with his parents. His widow was Miss Adela Follin, of Charleston.

James Hill Holmes, Class of 1915JAMES HILL HOLMES, JR.
October 9, 1895 – July 19, 1918

Capt. Holmes graduated at the Citadel in the class of 1915, with the rank of senior cadet captain, the highest attainable in that splendid battalion, long recognized by the War Department as one of the most (more…)

William Cleveland Whitley, ’43

Born on November 5, 1921, to Virgnia and William C. Whitley, Sr., William Junior hailed from Durham, North Carolina. He graduated from Durham High School in 1939 and then joined the South Carolina Corps of Cadets at The Citadel to major in English. He was a member of Cadet Company A his first three years at the college. His senior year he was a Cadet Second Lieutenant in Cadet Companies C, P, and E. He was also the Editor-in-Chief of the “Bull Dog”, the cadet newspaper, earned Gold stars for outstanding grades, and was listed in the “Who’s Who Among Students in American Universities and Colleges”.

William Cleveland Whitley, Jr.

Sworn into the U.S. Army on May 3, 1943, at Fort Jackson, Columbia, S.C., William, and almost all of his classmates, immediately departed for basic training upon graduation later that month. While in the European theater, Corporal Whitley served with (more…)

Burt Williams Andrews, Jr., ’42

Burt W. Andrews, Jr., was born on March 16, 1921 in Baltimore, Maryland and grew up in Washington, D.C.. His father, Burt Sr., was originally from Orangeburg, South Carolina, and had graduated from The Citadel in 1898. As a young man he had moved to the District of Columbia to attend the law schools of George Washington and Georgetown universities. He went on to serve as attorney in the office of the comptroller of the treasury and the department of justice and as chief of the legal division, prohibition unit, Internal Revenue bureau.

Burt Andrews Jr. Class of 1942

Burt, Jr., entered The Citadel in Charleston, South Carolina to major in English and was a member of Cadet Company (more…)

Robert Alexander Bates, Class of 1945

Robert Bates was a native of Park Ridge, Illinois, born on September 9, 1923 to Mr. and Mrs. W.E. Bates. In 1941, he graduated from Maine High School and entered The Citadel at the beginning of the academic year 1941-1942. During his studies in Charleston, he was a member of Cadet Company C .[1][2][3]

Robert Alexander Bates

In July 1943, after completing his sophomore year, he enlisted in the U.S. Army.  He received his training in California and Colorado before reporting for duty overseas. In Europe, he served with the Military Police (MP) Platoon, Headquarters Company, (more…)

Richard Brady Knapp, ’39

Born in the State of Missouri on February 11, 1918 to Mrs. Ethel M. Knapp and Mr. Charles N. Knapp, Richard’s family moved to Ohio and then settled in Charlotte, North Carolina while he was still a young boy. He graduated from Charlotte Central High School in 1935 where he was a member of the Student Assembly his senior year.

Richard B Knapp 1935 Charlotte Central HS

At the start of the 1935-36 academic year, Richard entered The Citadel at Charleston, South Carolina, with the Class of (more…)

Joseph Andrews, ’40

Born on July 23, 1918 in Orangeburg, South Carolina, to Mr. and Mrs. Burt Williams Andrews, Joseph grew up in Washington, D.C. where his father, an 1898 graduate of The Citadel, was working as a lawyer for the U.S. Government.

Joseph Andrews 1940 SphinxCadet 1st Lieutenant Joseph Andrews, Class of 1940

“After spending a year at George Washington University, Joe come [sic] to The Citadel and made good from the very beginning. He had the ability to come straight to the point in conversations and was always sincere in his convictions. Through his friendliness he acquired many friends in the Corps of Cadets and has added much to the Glee Club during his three years here. During his Senior year Joe was very active in radio work, and he was announcer for The Citadel programs. His one ambition is to be a good doctor, at the top of the medical profession.” [1]



On April 30, 1945, 2Lt. Richard “Paul” Padgett, ’44, native of Walterboro, South Carolina, was killed in action in the vicinity of Tirschenreuth, Germany near the Czech border. Born to Mr. and Mrs. C. Gadsen Padgett on February 16, 1923, Paul was a standout student leader at both Walterboro High School and The Citadel.

A member of The Citadel’s Class of 1944, he was 4th Battalion Ordnance Sergeant his junior year. He was a member of the Bond Volunteers and a member of the Sphinx, Ring, and Standing Hop Committees. Indicative of his standing among the Corps of Cadets, Paul was chosen by Gen. Summerall to be the (more…)

More than a name in marble

Originally written and published in Dutch in the Limburg’s local newspaper on March 26, 2015.
Link naar artikel in het nederlands. Translation by W. Kiggen and M. Heemels.

The Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery was yesterday dominated by the Citadel Men. Guys who were plucked from the school to fight in World War II.

by Stefan Gillissen

US military training is best known for the big screen. Movies paint a gruesome picture of the first weeks in the service of Uncle Sam, with Full Metal Jacket and Jarhead as stand outs. Breaking the will, the decompensation of the mind, creates the perfect fighting machine. It is not necessarily an incorrect observation, but one without qualification. Training is needed to forge a unit that follows commands in wartime.

Citadel Cadet plays Amazing Grace at Henri-Chapelle American CemeteryA Citadel cadet plays for the fallen men. Photo Arnaud Nilwik

But not only in the army do candidates undergo Bootcamp or what is called Hell Week. Also at American military academies, cadets are subject to a heavy introduction. From there, at least 40 percent of the men and women will go into active military service in 2015, and they are a showcase for the country. Formed by brutal workout, driven by honor and love. (more…)

Meer dan een naam in marmer

Originally written and published in Dutch in the local Limburg’s newspaper on March 26, 2015.
Click here for an English translated version.

De Amerikaanse begraafplaats Henri-Chapelle stond gisteren in het teken van de Citadel Men. Jongens die uit de schoolbanken zijn geplukt om tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog te vechten.

door Stefan Gillissen

Amerikaanse militaire training is vooral bekend van het grote scherm. Films schetsen een gruwelijk beeld van de eerste weken in dienst van Uncle Sam, met Full Metal Jacket en Jarhead als uitschieters. Het breken van de wil, het decompenseren van de geest, creëert de ideale vechtmachine. Het is niet per se een onjuiste observatie, maar wel één zonder enige nuance. De opleiding is nodig om een eenheid te smeden die in oorlogstijd bevelen opvolgt.

Citadel Cadet plays Amazing Grace at Henri-Chapelle American CemeteryEen doedelzakspeler speelt voor de gevallen mannen. foto Arnaud Nilwik

Maar niet alleen in het leger ondergaan kandidaten wat Boot Camp of Hell Week wordt genoemd. Ook op Amerikaanse militaire academiën worden cadetten onderworpen aan een zware introductie. Minstens 40 procent van de mannen en vrouwen gaat anno 2015 in actieve militaire dienst en wordt een uithangbord voor het vaderland. Gevormd door brute training, gedreven door eergevoel en liefde. (more…)

Aankondiging van het zeventigjarig jubileum van “De klas die nooit bestond”

Een herinnering vanwege Memorial Day en de zeventigste herdenking van D-Day: zeldzame filmbeelden uit de Citadelarchieven en het verhaal van de “Klas van 1944” die bekend werd als de “Klas die nooit bestond” vanwege haar voortijdige inzet tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog.

Charleston, S.C. (PRWEB) May 27, 2014 (View original here)

Fysieke trainingen, exercities en inspecties. Oude rekruteringsbeelden uit 1942 laten beelden zien uit het dagelijkse leven van de kadetten uit het “South Carolina Korps”. De filmbeelden van “The Citadel” werden vertoond op scholen en in theaters om de waarde van een militaire opleiding aan te tonen op het moment dat Amerika zich mengde in de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Maar de kadetten die ten tijde van de filmopnames tweedejaars student waren, konden hun opleiding niet afmaken. Hun opleiding werd op dramatische wijze onderbroken.

‘Zo wordt de klas terecht genoemd omdat er voor ons geen diploma-uitreiking was, geen ceremonie met de afstudeerring en wij nooit de privileges zouden ervaren van de ouderejaars studenten aan De Citadel. Uiteindelijk vind ik de naam “de klas die nooit bestond” dus heel toepasselijk,’ zegt Timothy Street, lid van de “Klas van 1944”.

Als eerbetoon aan de “Klas van 1944” en de leden van de klas die dienden in of sneuvelden tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog heeft De Citadel een film gemaakt met zeldzame beelden, (more…)


The Dillon Herald, Dillon, South Carolina, March 14, 1918, Vol. 22, No. 18

The First to Volunteer for Foreign Service

His Death Brings Sorrow to Hundreds of Friends in State and County

Lieut. John H. David, [The Citadel Class of 1914] fighting in France, was killed in action March 1st. This announcement will bring genuine sorrow to scores of Lieut. David’s friends throughout the county and state.

J. H. David, Jr. -1Cadet Second Lieutenant John Hodges David, Jr., Class of 1914. From the 1914 Sphinx.
Photograph likely taken by Capt. Louis Knox, The Citadel.

The details of Lieut. David’s death were not given. His father Dr. J. H. David, received a telegram from the war department Monday night at 7 o’clock announcing that Lieut. David (more…)

James Guy Gilbert, Jr., Class of 1945

James Gilbert, Jr., of Albemarle County, Virginia, entered The Citadel in the Fall of 1941, just months before the bombing of Pearl Harbor. As a Cadet Recruit/4th Class (Freshman), he was a member of Cadet Company L. Fred Melton, ’45, was his classmate and fellow member of L company, and Ernest F. Hollings, ’42, who later became Governor of South Carolina and a U.S. Senator, was his Cadet Company Commander. During his sophomore year, 1942-1943, he was a member of Cadet Company B. [1]

James Guy Gilbert Sphinx 1942Cadet Private James Guy Gilbert, Jr., Class of 1945 [2]

2Lt. Gilbert left The Citadel to join the US Army Air Corps. Following flight training and receiving a commission, he was assigned to the 733rd Bomb Squadron, 453rd Bomb Group of the 8th Air Force. His squadron was based out of Old Buckenham, Norfolk, England. He was killed during (more…)

John Bernard Mayes, Class of 1940

Born on September 2, 1918, to Agnes Summer Mayes and John Bernard Mayes, John Mayes entered The Citadel with the Class of 1940 at the start of the 1936-1937 academic year after graduating from Newberry High School in South Carolina. He was a private in Company D of the South Carolina Corps of Cadets. After completing his freshman year, he left Charleston for Atlanta, Georgia, and in 1941, graduated from Emory University where he received pre-medical training.

He entered the US Army Air Corps in July 1941. After completing flight training at Foster and Randolph Fields in Texas, he was commissioned a second lieutenant and assigned to a B-17 squadron, the 342nd Bomb Squadron, 97th Bomb Group. He received further training at Sarasota-Brandenton Field in Florida.

Arriving in England, June 1942, his squadron was among the first to participate in missions over occupied Europe. He and his crew were given a citation for bravery after one of the biggest (more…)