We shall not forget

Manila

At Manila American Cemetery and Memorial in the Philippines, 28 Citadel Men are memorialized on Tablets of the Missing. Another six Citadel Men are interred in the cemetery.
Click photographs to enlarge.             Click here to go to short slideshow


1943-beidelman-u20101020...resize02

Frederick William Beidelman, Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1943
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
United States Naval Reserve
Entered the Service From: Florida
Service #: 0-116717
Date of Death: October 26, 1944
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Distinguished Flying Cross,
Purple Heart

Biedelman

A naval aviator, he was twice awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for valor in action while flying torpedo bombers. First award on Feb 4 ’43 while in action against a Japanese force of 20 destroyers with air cover from 20-30 fighters. He achieved a direct torpedo hit on one of the destroyers. Second award for action Oct 25 ’44 in the Mindanao Sea while flying against a Japanese force of 2 battleships and 2 destroyers escorted by fighter aircraft. Despite his plane being damaged, he pressed home the attack and achieved a hit on an enemy battleship.


1933-browne-u20100529...resize02 Pope Lott Browne
The Citadel, Class of 1933
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Forces
48th Materiel Squadron
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #:O-311340
Date of Death:October 24, 1944
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
Browne

2Lt. Pope Lott Browne USAAC Citadel ’33 was captured when US and Philippine forces surrendered and was part of the Bataan Death March. He was being transported to Japan aboard the Arisan Maru when she was sunk by a US submarine. His class ring is in the Citadel museum.


1940-bryant-u20100529...resize02 Alton Houston Bryant
The Citadel, Class of 1940
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Forces
28th Bomber Squadron,
19th Bomber Group, Heavy
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: 0-411932
Date of Death: January 22, 1945
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
Alton H. Bryant

2Lt. Bryant was taken prisoner by the Japanese and subsequently placed aboard the Oryoku Maru for transport to Japan. The unmarked ship was attacked and sunk by US aircraft. 100 prisoners died of suffocation or dehydration prior to the sinking. 200 were killed in the bombing or shot in the water as they attempted escape. 16 were subsequently executed by the Japanese. Lt. Bryant’s body was never recovered.


1938-byars-u20101020...resize02 Stephen Munger Byars, Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1938
Captain, U.S. Army
59th Coast Artillery Regiment
Entered the Service From: Georgia
Service #: 0-366299
Date of Death: January 12, 1945
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
Stephen M. Byars, Jr.

Taken prisoner by the Japanese and subsequently died in the Philippines.


No Photo Available James Hoyt Carter, Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1944
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Forces
Army Air Corps
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: O-557278
Date of Death: October 11, 1945
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Air Medal
No Photo Available

1941-coffield-u20100529...resize02 William Henderson Coffield, Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1941
Corporal, U.S. Army Air Forces
803rd Engineer Battalion, Aviation
Entered the Service From: North Carolina
Service #: 34113422
Date of Death: July 09, 1942
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
William H. Coffield Jr.

Bataan Death March participant, died at Calauag Tabayas Philippines, body not recovered.


1940-cole-u20100529...resize02 Joseph Plowden Cole
The Citadel, Class of 1940
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army
80th Fighter Squadron, 8th Fighter Group
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: O-396106
Date of Death: July 15, 1942
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Joseph P. Cole

Missing in Action over Australia


1916-cothran-u20100529...resize02 Wade Rushton Cothran
The Citadel, Class of 1916
Major, U.S. Army
Headquarters Company, Luzon Force
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: 0-890014
Date of Death: January 25, 1945
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Silver Star, Bronze Star
Wade R. Cothran

Transferred to and later graduated from West Point. Working in the Philippines in the insurance business, he re-joined the service following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Present for the surrender negotiations that led to the Bataan Death March. Lost during the attack on the Japanese POW ship Brazil Maru.


1940-efird-u20100529...resize02 Walter Guy Efird Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1940
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army
59th Coast Artillery Regiment
Entered the Service From: North Carolina
Service #: O-395683
Date of Death: September 07, 1944
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Silver Star, Purple Heart
Walter G. Efird

Died as a POW while being transported aboard the Shinyo Maru.


1936-ford-ralph-u20100529...resize02 Ralph Palmer Ford
The Citadel, Class of 1936
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army
91st Coast Artillery Regiment,
Philippine Scouts
Entered the Service From: North Carolina
Service #: O-341515
Date of Death: January 09, 1945
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
Ralph P. Ford

Survived the sinking of the Japanese POW ship Oryoku Maru, was subsequently loaded aboard the Enoura Maru for transport to Japan. Many of the POWs died due to illness; others in an attack on the ship by US aircraft. Many wounded in the attack were allowed by the Japanese to die of their wounds. Lt. Ford’s body was never recovered.


1936-gasque-u20100529...resize02 Claude Jackson Gasque Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1936
Ensign, U.S. Navy
United States Naval Reserve
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: 0-119081
Date of Death: August 10, 1943
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
No Photo Available

Lost aboard USS Quincy (CA-39) at the Battle of Guadalcanal.


1941-gerdes-u20100529...resize02 Herman John Gerdes Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1941
Ensign, U.S. Navy
United States Navy
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: 0-282812
Date of Death: January 16, 1946
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
Herman J. Gerdes

Lost with the submarine USS Robalo SS-273 when she sank after hitting a mine 2 miles off the Philippine island of Palawan.


1940-glover-u20100529...resize02 Wilson Glover, III
The Citadel, Class of 1940
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Forces
17th Pursuit Squadron, 24th Pursuit Group
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: O-397575
Date of Death:January 27, 1945
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Silver Star, Purple Heart
Wilson Glover

Died as POW while being transported to Japan aboard the Brazil Maru. She was transporting survivors of the Enoura Maru sinking.


1931-godwin-u20100529...resize02 Albert Keller Godwin
The Citadel, Class of 1931
Major, U.S. Army
91st Infantry Regt, 91st Philippine Infantry Division
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: 0-281972
Date of Death: December 15, 1944
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Bronze Star, Purple Heart
Albert K. Godwin

Died as a POW in the Philippines. Major Godwin was imprisoned at the infamous Cabanatuan camp. He died when the Ornyki Maru, the Japanese POW ship he was on, was bombed and sunk.


1939-haile-u20100529...resize02 Ernest Scott Haile II
The Citadel, Class of 1939
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army
60th Coast Artillery Regiment
Entered the Service From: New Jersey
Service #: 0-404536
Date of Death: September 07, 1944
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
Ernest S. Haile II

Died as a POW. He was aboard the Japanese POW ship Shinyo Maru when it was attacked and sunk by the submarine USS Paddle.


1945-jumper-u20101020...resize02 Lucius Joseph Jumper
The Citadel, Class of 1945
Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces
866th Bomber Squadron,
494th Bomber Group, Heavy
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: 34644576
Date of Death: January 02, 1945
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart, Air Medal
Lucius J. Jumper

Lost over the Pacific.


1940-leonard-u20100529...resize02 John Thomas Leonard, Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1940
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army
59th Coast Artillery Regiment
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: 0-395693
Date of Death: January 09, 1945
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
John T. Leonard

Died as a POW while being transported aboard the Enoura Maru when she was sunk.


1940-long-langdon-u20100529...resize02 Langdon Dwight Long
The Citadel, Class of 1940
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Forces
Army Air Corps
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: 0-401191
Date of Death: June 03, 1942
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart, Air Medal
No Photo Available

Long was the pilot of a B-25C bomber assigned to the 11th Bombardment Squadron. On June 3, 1942 he took part in a flight of six B-25s from Dinjan, India to attack Lashio, Burma and then proceed over the Himalayas to a base in Kunming, China. The raid on Lashio was successful and the flight withdrew on course to Kunming at 10,000 feet in a thick overcast. Suddenly, Long’s and two other planes crashed into the side of a mountain. The others barely missed hitting the ground after pulling up sharply. Source: findagrave.com


1938-mahony-u20100529...resize02 Jack Alger Mahony, Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1938
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
United States Navy
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: 0-082740
Date of Death: July 01, 1943
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart, Air Medal
Jack A. Mahony

1945-marriott...resize02 Joy McDowell Marriott, Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1945
Seaman First Class, U.S. Navy
United States Navy
Entered the Service From: Ohio
Service #: 8507237
Date of Death: May 25, 1946
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Joy M. Marriott Jr.

Seaman 1st Class Joy “Joe” M Marriott Jr USN Citadel ’45 enlisted in the Navy and was serving aboard submarine USS Lagarto SS-371 when she was lost with all hands to a Japanese depth charge attack off the Malay coast near the Gulf of Siam.


1928-mccarthy-u20100529...resize02 Joseph Lynn McCarthy
The Citadel, Class of 1928
Captain, U.S. Army
59th Coast Artillery Regiment
Entered the Service From: Utah
Service #: 0-250077
Date of Death: January 09, 1945
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
Joseph L. McCarthy

Died as a POW aboard the Enoura Maru when she sank.


1940-moore-john-u20100529...resize02 John Isaac Moore III
The Citadel, Class of 1940
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army
59th Coast Artillery Regiment
Entered the Service From: Arkansas
Service #: 0-395697
Date of Death: October 24, 1944
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
John I. Moore III

Captured in the Philippines and subsequently died aboard the POW ship Arisan Maru en route to Japan.


No Photo Available Robert Edward Murphy
The Citadel, Class of 1943
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Forces
8th Bomber Squadron,
3rd Bomber Group, Light
Entered the Service From: Florida
Service #: 0-675105
Date of Death: November 02, 1943
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Silver Star, Purple Heart
No Photo Available

Lost over Rabaul, New Britain.


1942-rogers-u20101020...resize02 Hugh Corbin Rogers
The Citadel, Class of 1942
Captain, U.S. Army Air Forces
29th Fighter Squadron, 5th Fighter Group
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: 0-461113
Date of Death: March 27, 1946
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart, Air Medal

Photo credit: S. Curry

Lost over China.


1942-shifflet-u20101020...resize02 Fred Burnham Shifflet, Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1942
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Forces
39th Fighter Squadron,
35th Fighter Group
Entered the Service From: Ohio
Service #: 0-406491
Date of Death: December 20, 1945
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart, Air Medal
Fred B. Shifflet, Jr.

Lieutenant Shifflet was one of a few American fighter pilots able to get his plane, a borrowed P-40, off the ground during the attack on Pearl Harbor. He made a circle of Pearl Harbor to seek out enemy aircraft, flew over Hickam Field and was filled with “friendly” AA fire. He deadsticked his plane back to Wheeler Field to land on flat tires.

Lieutenant Shifflet and his P-38G Lightning were lost on March 3, 1943, at the Battle of the Bismarck Sea. He and two other members of his squadron had shot down five Zeros before they were shot down themselves. Lt. Shifflet’s plane was seen to crash into the sea 20 miles east of Tami Island. He had ten enemy planes to his credit when he was lost. He was officially declared dead on December 20, 1945.

The Fred B. Shifflet memorial scholarship fund was initiated at The Citadel in 1991 from the estate of his mother, Estelle M. Shifflet. The first award was made in 1997.


1945-stulz-u20101020...resize02 John Mason Whiting Stulz
The Citadel, Class of 1945
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Forces
492nd Bomber Squadron,
7th Bomber Group, Heavy
Entered the Service From:New Jersey
Service #: 0-829332
Date of Death: August 20, 1946
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Air Medal
John M. W. Stulz

Stulz was the pilot of B-24J #42-78685. They were flying a cargo of fuel from Tezpur, India over the Himalayas to Kunming, China when they disappeared.


No Photo Available Benton Armfield Waugh
The Citadel, Class of 1943
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Forces
2nd Rescue Squadron
Entered the Service From: North Carolina
Service #: 0-833447
Date of Death: January 05, 1946
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Air Medal
Benson A. Waugh

A flying boat pilot during the war as a member of an emergency rescue squadron, he was lost in a flight over the Philippines.


1941-whitehurst-u20100529...resize02 Henry Purefoy Whitehurst Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1941
Ensign, U.S. Navy
United States Navy
Entered the Service From: North Carolina
Service #: 0-123437
Date of Death: August 09, 1942
Memorialized: Tablets of the Missing
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Henry P. Whitehurst Jr.

Attended The Citadel for a year before transferring to the US Naval Academy from which he graduated in December 1941. He was lost in action aboard the USS Astoria when she was sunk at the Battle of Savo Island. The USS Whitehurst DE-634 was named in his honor.


No Photo
Available
Hugh Woodrow Benson
The Citadel, Class of 1940
Major, U.S. Army
211th Anti-Aircraft Arty
(Automatic Weapons) Battalion
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: 0-024233
Date of Death: September 01, 1945
Buried: Plot H Row 11 Grave 95
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
No Photo
Available

1939-chandler-u20100529...resize02 Harold Bradford Chandler Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1939
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army
126th Infantry Regiment,
32nd Infantry Division
Entered the Service From: Georgia
Service #: O-379713
Date of Death: December 05, 1942
Buried: Plot A Row 8 Grave 130
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
Harold B. Chandler Jr.

Killed in action in the Philippines.


1940-daniel-u20100529...resize02 John Shipp Daniel
The Citadel, Class of 1940
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Forces
3rd Pursuit Squadron, 24th Pursuit Group
Entered the Service From: South Carolina
Service #: O-411939
Date of Death: October 27, 1942
Buried: Plot A Row 9 Grave 6
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Silver Star
John S. Daniel

Died as a POW in a Japanese prison camp on Luzon Island, Philippines.


1939-milikin-u20100529...resize02 Lindsay Baker Milikin
The Citadel, Class of 1939
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army
503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment
Entered the Service From: Georgia
Service #: 0-387344
Date of Death: September 14, 1943
Buried: Plot D Row 6 Grave 233
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart
Lindsay B. Milikin

Died from wounds suffered in combat against the Japanese on New Guinea.


1939-peschau-u20100529...resize02 Ernest Ferdinand Peschau Jr.
The Citadel, Class of 1939
First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Forces
431st Bomber Squadron,
11th Bomber Group, Heavy
Entered the Service From: North Carolina
Service #: 0-412950
Date of Death: June 08, 1944
Buried: Plot N Row 16 Grave 76
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Awards: Purple Heart, Air Medal
Ernest F. Peschau Jr.

Serving as bombardier on a B-24J bomber, he was wounded when the aircraft was shot down and captured by the Japanese. Seriously wounded, he was denied medical care and died of his wounds. He was cremated and buried at a Buddhist temple near Ofuna, Japan. His remains were later recovered and transferred to the Manila American Cemetery.


1941-sims-charles-u20100529...resize02 Charles Henry Sims
The Citadel, Class of 1941
Private, U.S. Army Air Forces
899th Base Depot Company
Entered the Service From: North Carolina
Service #: 34771098
Date of Death: July 12, 1945
Buried: Plot F Row 4 Grave 72
Manila American Cemetery
Manila, Philippines
Charles H. Sims

Served with C Battery, 515th Coast Artillery during the defense of the Philippines. Captured and died of wounds near Manila, Philippines.


Portrait photos courtesy of The Citadel Archive and Museum, Charleston, South Carolina.

With special thanks to Matt Lacina, ’89, who (unless otherwise indicated) photographed all the names and markers during a visit to the Philippines with his family in July 2013. Read Matt’s story about his visit.

Sources: American Battle Monuments CommissionMike Stannard ’65The Citadel Archive & Museum, NARA

*List by Cemetery*

One response

  1. Pingback: Honoring the Citadel Men at Manila American Cemetery | The Citadel Memorial Europe

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